- To ensure that locally recorded high-quality cancer data are available to governments in countries in transition, to inform priorities for national cancer control.
- To serve as a reference to the global cancer community in the provision of national cancer indicators.
- To describe and interpret the changing magnitude and the transitional nature of cancer risk profiles around the world.
- To advocate the health, social, and economic benefits of preventive interventions, through a systematic quantification of their future impact.
CSU informs global, regional, and national priorities for cancer control action via dedicated programmes of work in six complementary areas.
Cancer registry support and development
Global cancer indicators
CSU compiles, estimates, and reports cancer statistics through its flagship projects and databases and through high-impact peer-reviewed publications. The Global Cancer Observatory is an interactive web-based platform that presents global cancer indicators of direct relevance to cancer research and policy, developed via CSU’s descriptive research programme. See also the links to CSU websites.
Descriptive epidemiology of cancer
The International Incidence of Childhood Cancer (IICC) series is a flagship project of CSU, undertaken in collaboration with the IACR, that produces quality-assured incidence data on cancer in children and adolescents, based on collaborations with paediatric and general cancer registries worldwide. With unprecedented efforts to raise awareness of the impact of childhood cancer and the marked disparities in childhood cancer survival observed between low- and high-income settings, CSU’s surveillance and research work is increasingly embedded within the GICR programme and linked to the continuing efforts of the WHO Global Initiative for Childhood Cancer. A new bilateral collaborative agreement with St. Jude Children’s Research Hospital, called Targeting Childhood Cancer through the Global Initiative for Cancer Registry Development (ChildGICR), contains workstreams on implementation, education, and research. The aim is to build global capacity for childhood cancer surveillance and, in so doing, help deliver the initiative’s goals of achieving at least 60% survival and reducing suffering for all children with cancer, by 2030. Further information is available here.
Social inequalities and cancer
IARC convened an expert workshop of multidisciplinary scientists to identify research priorities for reducing social inequalities in cancer, leading to the production of IARC Scientific Publication No. 168. On this basis, several research projects on social inequalities and cancer are being developed within CSU, including the documentation of social inequalities in cancer between and within countries, with a primary focus on the gradient of the association, as well as temporal and geographical variations. New indicators are also being developed for inclusion in the Global Cancer Observatory. Further information is available here.
Building on several collaborative descriptive economic studies within CSU, the aim is to better understand the economic burden of cancer, to national economies and health systems as well as to individuals and households. In close collaboration with WHO, a tool is being developed to assist national policy-makers in identifying value-for-money priority interventions, as part of national cancer planning. New indicators are also being developed for inclusion in the Global Cancer Observatory. Further information is available here.